Learn more about CAL resources related to language
The Year of Languages focus in September is promotion of the learning
and maintenance of heritage languages. The Center for Applied Linguistics
has several heritage language projects and extensive resources available.
Alliance for the Advancement of Heritage Languages
language speakers, who include immigrant, refugee, and indigenous groups,
contribute to the linguistic and cultural richness in the United States.”
for the Advancement of Heritage Languages, n.d.)
The Center for Applied Linguistics participates in the Alliance for
the Advancement of Heritage Languages with a goal “to promote the
conservation and development of the heritage language resources of this
country as part of a larger effort to educate citizens who can function
professionally in English and other languages.” The Alliance recognizes
that the United States has a critical need for individuals who have high
proficiency in both English and one or more additional languages. To
meet this need, the Alliance engages in professional development, public
relations and promotional activities, information exchange, research,
and policy development.
Profiles of Heritage Language Programs
In accordance with the Alliance's goals, CAL is compiling
profiles of heritage language programs across the United States,
which will be made available on the Web. Program administrators
can fill out our Heritage
Language Program Profile to nominate their program for inclusion
and help us create this useful resource.
For more information about the Alliance for the Advancement
of Heritage Languages, please visit the Web site at www.cal.org/heritage.
To join the Alliance's email list, send your request to Scott
CAL Services for Schools and School Districts
supports professional development in several schools with heritage language
programs. For the Magdalena (NM) Schools' federally
funded English Language Acquisition and Navajo Achievement Programs,
CAL provides professional development for K–12 teachers and paraprofessionals.
CAL also provides technical assistance on program design, curriculum
development, assessment instruments, and instructional support. Curriculum
development focuses on ESL programs and Navajo language and culture courses.
For more information about CAL Services professional development relating
to heritage languages, contact Betty Ansin
Smallwood at CAL.
Developing Standards for Learning Arabic in the United States
response to the needs of the Arabic language teaching profession, a task
force is developing standards for learning Arabic at all levels in the
United States, from kindergarten through college. This effort is spearheaded
by the National Capital Language Resource Center (NCLRC)—a
consortium of The George Washington University, Georgetown University,
and CAL—and a network of K–12 Arabic language teachers. Teachers,
administrators, and linguists have worked steadily through 2004-2005
to develop standards for Arabic learning, guided by Standards
for Foreign Language Learning in the 21st Century
(National Standards in Foreign Language Education Project, 1999). The
Arabic standards will be included in the next edition of Standards for
Foreign Language Learning, to be published by the American Council
on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. The standards will serve as a guide
for developing age- and culturally appropriate curricula and materials
for Arabic teaching. An Arabic translation of the Arabic standards will
be available through NCLRC later this year. The task force was supported
by the National Standards in Foreign Language Education Project, the
American Association of Teachers of Arabic, and the National Middle East
Language Resource Center.
For more information on the Arabic standards, contact Dora
Johnson at CAL. For information on NCLRC, visit www.nclrc.org.
English for Heritage Language Speakers
of the U.S. government have expressed an urgent need for individuals
with high levels of proficiency in both English and any of several critical
languages (General Accounting Office, 2002). In response, CAL's
English for Heritage Language Speakers project aims to help heritage
speakers of critical languages develop their English proficiency to high
levels, with a particular focus on language skills specific to the federal
workplace. CAL will assist in recruitment of heritage
language speakers to participate in the program, help to develop the
curriculum for specially designed intensive English programs at two universities,
monitor the progress of the students, and evaluate the success of the
programs and participants. This project is funded by the National
Security Education Program. For more information about CAL's English
for Heritage Language Speakers project, contact Grace
Burkart at CAL.
Spanish for Spanish Speakers
The Center for Applied
Linguistics has produced a brochure for schools, school districts, school
board members, Spanish teachers, and parents of Spanish-speaking students
about preserving Spanish skills. The brochure describes the benefits
of maintaining the Spanish language skills of native Spanish speakers,
the reasons that Spanish for native speakers programs are so pertinent
to society and education in the United States, and the characteristics
of Spanish for native speakers programs. You can read
the brochure online or order
CAL also offers these resources on Spanish for native speakers:
Materials to Teach Spanish to Spanish Speakers
Paula Winke, Center for Applied Linguistics, and Cathy Stafford, Georgetown
University, May 2002
Spanish for Native Speakers: Developing Dual Language Proficiency
Joy Kreeft Peyton, Vickie W. Lewelling, & Paula Winke, Center for Applied
Linguistics, December 2001
Resource Guide Online: Teaching Spanish to Spanish Speakers
Ana Roca, Florida International University
Kathleen Marcos, ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics
Paula Winke, Center for Applied Linguistics
Alliance for the Advancement of Heritage
Languages. (n.d.). Guiding
principles of the Alliance. Retrieved September 26, 2005, from http://www.cal.org/heritage/
General Accounting Office. (2002). Foreign languages:
Human capital approach needed to correct staffing and proficiency shortfalls (GAO-02-375).
Washington, DC: Author. Retrieved September 26, 2005, from http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d02375.pdf
Malone, M., Rifkin, B., Christian, D., & Johnson, D. (2003). Attaining
high levels of proficiency: Challenges for foreign language education
in the United States. ERIC/CLL News Bulletin (26), 2. Retrieved September
26, 2005, from http://www.cal.org/resources/news/2003spring/attain.html
Standards in Foreign Language Education Project.
(1999). Standards for foreign language learning in the 21st Century.
Hastings-on-Hudson, NY: Author.
Year of Languages Radio Series
support of the Year of Languages, the College of Charleston and the
National Museum of Language have developed a series of 52 radio spots
on languages and linguistics. Listen
to the first 20 episodes of Talkin' About Talk or
read the list of upcoming
programs and dates online.
The University of New Mexico's Department
of Linguistics is celebrating 35 years of Navajo
Check out their upcoming events here.
resources on heritage languages
CAL Digest Series
Read CAL Digests on heritage languages by clicking on the titles
Heritage Community Language Schools in the United States
Theresa Hsu Chao, Founder, National Council of Associations of Chinese Language
Schools, June 1997
Spanish Speakers' Language Learning Strategies
Zennia Hancock, University of Maryland, College Park, October 2002
Involuntary Language Loss Among Immigrants: Asian-American
Leanne Hinton, University of California, Berkeley, December 1999
a National Resource: Heritage Languages in the United States
Richard D. Brecht and Catherine W. Ingold, National Foreign Language Center,
Washington, DC, May 2002